# Mathematics

The core Mathematics program includes Algebra I, Geometry and Algebra II as required courses. The focus is on the symbolic language of algebra, geometric figures, sound arguments, and first exposures to functions, graphing, problem solving, and mathematical modeling. What lies beyond necessitates skill with computation, an intuition for sensible estimates, much practice with algebraic manipulations, and experience applying appropriate concepts and strategies, and appropriate use of technology in given situations.

## Courses & Descriptions

#### MA 11: Algebra I (two semesters*)

This is a logical development of a first course in algebra - the foundation - emphasizing basic concepts, understanding, and fundamental skills. The course content includes the real number system, algebraic symbolism and its application (translating from English to mathematical language), applied problem-solving, graphs, exponents, radicals, linear and quadratic relations, factoring, rational expressions, equations and inequalities.

**A special section of MA 11 may (depending on enrollment) be offered in the spring semester for those requiring a fresh start in Algebra I. In addition, a special section of Honors Algebra I (MA 16) may also (depending on enrollment) be offered in the spring semester for those students who have demonstrated high achievement and effort in MA 11.*

#### MA 21: Geometry (two semesters*)

In this course the students are introduced to Euclidean Geometry. The challenge of being able to solve problems using the components of deductive structure and employing traditional, coordinate, and transformational approaches makes the course both fun and rigorous. Additionally, the course strives to integrate algebra and geometry, as these disciplines are made richer by building on each other.

**In addition, a special section of Honors Geometry (MA 26) may (depending on enrollment) be offered in the spring semester for those students who have demonstrated high achievement and effort in MA 21.*

#### MA 29: Algebra II (two semesters)

#### MA 31: Algebra II with Trigonometry (two semesters)

#### MA 35: Honors Algebra II with Trigonometry (two semesters)

#### MA 39: Functions, Statistics, and Trigonometry (two semesters)

#### MA 41: Statistics (two semesters)

Through the study of elementary combinatorics, probability, and descriptive statistics, students will learn to deal with the plethora of data that confronts us daily.

- What part does chance play in our lives?
- What inferences can be drawn from masses of statistics?
- How valid are they?
- What do we mean when we say an occurrence is unexpected?
- What can be predicted? One outcome should be the recognition of the misuse of statistics by those advertisers, politicians, and the like who bombard us with "evidence" for taking their positions. (11
^{th}and 12^{th}graders only; can be taken concurrently with another mathematics course with department approval.)

#### MA 45 and MA 47: Precalculus

#### MA 45: Precalculus (two semesters)

#### MA 47: Honors Precalculus (two semesters)

#### MA 49: Advanced Precalculus with an Introduction to Calculus (two semesters)

#### MA 51: AP Statistics (Advanced Placement; two semesters)

#### MA 55: AB-Calculus (Advanced Placement; two semesters)

#### MA 57: BC-Calculus (Advanced Placement; two semesters)

#### MA 67: Linear Algebra (two semesters)

#### CS 51 (F/S) Advanced Placement Computer Science A (FALL or SPRING; MAJOR course)

#### CS 21: Introduction to Computer Programming (FALL; MAJOR course)

#### NOTES

- The department strongly encourages all students to enroll in mathematics courses every semester. Students who wish to keep open as many college major options as possible or who are aiming for engineering or business will need to study mathematics in all four years.
- Placement in courses will be determined by the department's recommendation. Exceptions require written permission of the department chair and the current teacher.
- Students who have completed precalculus (MA45-46 or 47-48) are advised to take the Math Level II SAT II Test. Those who are only halfway through precalculus or at the end of Algebra II or Statistics are advised to take the Math Level I SAT II Test. Those who have not completed Algebra II are not fully prepared for either test.
- Very strong students of Algebra I who have more than an abiding interest in mathematics/science may take Geometry and Honors Algebra II concurrently in the tenth grade with the approval of the Advisor, the Department Chair, and the Academic Dean. It is not permitted to double up with Geometry and regular Algebra II trying to accelerate a full year in the mathematics program.
- Students enrolled in any of the following upper-level courses may not discontinue these year-long commitments at semester break in January: MA 41-42, MA 45-46, MA 47-48, MA 51-52, MA 55-56, MA 57-58, MA 61-62, and MA 65-66.
- Students will be required to have a graphing calculator throughout the mathematics program. (They will be required to use an advanced scientific graphing calculator—the Texas Instruments “TI-Nspire CX CAS” is the calculator required.) Computer software packages in spreadsheets, graphing programs, and statistics programs will also be woven into the program's curriculum.